Gir national park in Gujarat is famous for National Park and a Wildlife Sanctuary. It was established to protect the Asiatic lions. It is also known as Gir is located near Talala Gir in Gujarat State, India.
The government has preserved the Gir ecosystem with the help of wildlife activists and NGOs, along with the flora and fauna of Gir. This Gir N Park was established in 1965.
Wildlife Sanctuary in Gir National Park
The Gir N Park has an area of 1,412 km 2 (545 sq mi), of which 258 km 2 (100 sq mi) is entirely a national park and 1,153 km 2 (445 sq mi) as a wildlife sanctuary. This is part of the Kathiawar-Gir dry deciduous forests. And then in Gir National Park, having a population of 20 lions in 1913, the lions have increased to 523 according to the 2015 census. In the forest of the four districts, there are 106 males, 201 females, and 213 sub-adult lions.
History of Gir National Park
By the end of the 19th century there were only a dozen Asiatic lions left in India. And all these were left in the forest of Gir. Later, the number of lions started disappearing not only from India but also from elsewhere in Asia. Then the Nawab of Junagadh announced to reserve the Gir area for the lions and also stopped the hunting of the lions.
You might be shocked to learn that there were just 14 lions left in Gujarat after 1990. After the hunting expedition, the number of lions there was only 20, after which his son Nawab Muhammad Mahabat Khan helped a lot in the protection of the lions.
Animals in Gir National Park
Gir N Park, located in the west of Gujarat, is the only place after Africa for the protection of lions. And on this spot, lions can roam freely and roam. The perennial and seasonal rivers flowing in this Gir N Park along with other bodies of water have created a very favorable climate for the swampy crocodiles, reptiles and birds.
Today, the park has a large population of lions and leopards. This is very good news for animal lovers of this species. Apart from wildcats, there are many other rare species here. Such as: – Jackal, striped hyena, langur, porpine, black-lipped are also found in very small quantities. Gir is one of Asia’s most exclusive reserve parks.
The ecosystem of Gir is very large and seven rivers flow here, namely the buck, Shetrunji, Datardi, Shingoda, Machundari, Godavari and Rawal.
Gir National Park 200 species of birds
More than 200 species of birds are found in Gir National Park. This National Park has been declared an important bird zone by the Indian Bird Conservation Network. Gir N Park is also home to the endangered white and billed vultures. Kamleshwar – This park has a large reservoir with a lot of marsh crocodiles in it. The park has King Cobra, Russell Viper, Saw-Scaled Viper and several other species of snakes along with the crate.
Apart from all these animals you can see wild cats, cheetahs, sloth bears, striped hyenas, rattles, golden jackals, Indian palm civets, mongoose and various cats like Desert Cat, Juicy Spotted Cat in Gir N Park. Monitor lizard, marsh crocodile, Indian star turtle are also found here.
Best time to visit Gir national park
Every year, from the 16th of October to the 15th of June, the Sanctuary is open to visitors. The easiest way to get to the park is from Junagadh.
How to reach Gir national park
By Airport: You can reach Keshod Airport by plane. From there Gir N Park is located at a distance of 70 km.
By Rail: Two railway stations near Gir National Park. First is Junagadh which is at a distance of 80 km and second Veraval which is at a distance of 72 km.
By Road: The road is connected to all the cities. You can go directly to Gir National Park by Gujarat road.