History of Brihadeeswara Temple in Tamil Nadu

history of brihadeeswara temple

history of brihadeeswara temple In Thanjavur, a city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, there is a revered Hindu temple called Brihadeeswarar Temple, also known as Peruvudaiyar Kovil. It was constructed in the 11th century CE, during the Chola dynasty’s rule. One of South India’s most mighty and important dynasties was the Chola. And it is considered to be one of the greatest architectural marvels of ancient India.

This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. This temple has a huge gopuram (entrance tower) which is more than 200 feet high. Which makes it the tallest in India. The main sanctum sanctorum of this temple is home to a huge lingam which is more than 12 feet tall.

An idol of Nandi is installed in the temple premises, which is facing towards Lord Shiva. Whom we worship in the form of Lord Nandi. The site consists of a small temple and a huge temple dedicated to various deities.


History of Brihadeeswara Temple

The architecture of Brihadeeswarar Temple is known for its intricate carvings and sculptures. The paintings depict scenes from Hindu mythology and the daily life of the people during the Chola period. The temple was built using monolithic granite stones. These were used to build the main tower and other structures of the complex.

King Chola’s first reign was started. Who ruled from 985 to 1014 AD. Only then this temple was built as a tribute to Lord Shiva. The Chola dynasty considered Lord Shiva as their deity. And it took about 5 years to complete the construction of brihadeeswarar temple in hindi. It was consecrated in the year 1010 AD.

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The brihadeeswarar temple remained an important pilgrimage site for the Hindus for many centuries. It remained a center of religious and cultural activities during the period of the Maratha and Nayak rulers. And in the 18th century, the temple came under the control of the British East India Company. And then several more conservation efforts were made to preserve the historical architecture of the temple.

How to Reach Brihadeeswara Temple

By Air: The nearest airport to Thanjavur is Tiruchirappalli. which is situated about 60 km from the city. Many taxis and buses are available from outside the airport. Which will take you to Thanjavur.

By Train: Thanjavur city has its own railway station. Which is well connected to many major cities of India like Chennai, Madurai and Tiruchirappalli. From outside the railway station, you can take a taxi or bus to reach the temple.

By Bus: Thanjavur is well connected by road to major cities of Tamil Nadu and many neighboring states like Karnataka and Kerala, Andhra Pradesh. You can take a bus from Chennai, Bangalore, Madurai or any other nearby city to reach Thanjavur.

Where to Stay Brihadeeswara Temple

There are many heritage hotels and resorts located around Thanjavur. Several of these hotels are housed in old structures. Which have been renovated to provide modern facilities. tamilnadu tourist places

There are many hotels and guesthouses located near the temple. Which are in the budget of the passengers. The rooms of these hotels have many basic amenities. They offer comfortable rooms and traditional food.

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Nearest Places in Brihadeeswara Temple


Thanjavur Palace: The Thanjavur Palace is located just a few hundred meters away from the Brihadeeswarar Temple. Which was built by the rulers of Thanjavur and the Marathas. The palace complex includes several buildings, courtyards and parks. Which present a glimpse of the old history and culture of Thanjavur.

Saraswati Mahal Library: Saraswati Mahal Library near brihadeeswarar temple is one of the oldest libraries in Asia. The library has a vast collection of many ancient manuscripts, palm leaf manuscripts and rare books.

Sivagangai Park: About 2 kilometers from the temple is Sivagangai Park. Which is known for its beautiful greenery and serene environment. The park is home to several fountains and a small pond.

Schwartz Church: Schwartz Church is located about 2 km from the temple. This church was built by the Danish missionary Christian Frederick Schwartz in the 18th century. The church is renowned for both its distinctive design and stunning stained glass windows.

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