India’s second highest is Nanda Devi which is located in Nanda Devi National Park in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand. This National Park has also been given place in UNESCO World Heritage. It is one of the most biodiverse places in the world. Nanda Devi was made a national park in 1982 to protect flora and fauna, to conserve and save the environment.
- 1 Nanda Devi National Park in Uttarakhand
Nanda Devi National Park in Uttarakhand
The region is home to rare and unique high altitude flora and fauna even today. Nanda Devi National Park is home to many types of birds, animals, mammals, plants and butterflies. It is one of the most prominent attraction centers in the world.
Nanda Devi National Park offers trekking, camping and a good amount of hiking to the tourists. This place is especially famous for nature lovers, adventure and other activities. Nanda Devi National Park is considered to be a paradise. Opening of Nanda Devi National Park for only six months in a whole year from 1st May to 31st October. If you go to see and understand the beauty of nature. So you must visit Nanda Devi Park once.
Nanda Devi Wildlife Sanctuary
Nanda Devi National Park is rich in wildlife. A wide variety of different species of plants and animals are found here in abundance. The forest cover in the park is limited to Rishi Gorge. The primary vegetation in this park includes pine, birch and juniper.
The interiors of this park have almost drying up of vegetation near Nanda Devi Glacier. About 312 types of flora species are found in the park. Out of which about 17 flora are considered rare. Many types of animals can also be seen in Nanda Devi National Park.
Nanda Devi Himalayan Animals
Species like snow leopard, brown bear, leopard, Himalayan musk deer, common langur, Himalayan black bear, goral and bharal are also found among the fauna found here. There are 80 species of avifaunal found here. These include Indian tree pipit, blue-fronted redstart, rose finch and ruby throat.
History of Nanda Devi
The place where Nanda devi national park is today. That area was given the status of a national park in 1982. But it has a long and exciting history. The first person to reach this area was W.W.Garden in the year 1883. But the saddest thing is that there was no point in reaching here. Before 1934, the region was one of the least visited and inaccessible areas of the Himalayan region. In 1936, Tilman and N. E.
Odell developed the area and others followed suit. It is only after this that the Nanda Devi National Park has been declared a World Heritage Site and Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO by the Government of India. But in the year 1939 this area was declared a sanctuary and in 1982, it was made a national park by adding an additional area of about 630 square kilometres.
Due to the increasing popularity and fame of Nanda Devi, many campaigns were also run here. Due to which many natural and ancient areas here were also damaged. That in 1984 it was decided to close the national park. But in May 2013 this was reopened. But under strict rules and policies in this national park, only two groups of five people are allowed to enter on a single day and not more than four such groups visit each week.
Best Time To Visit Nanda Devi National Park
Tourists are only allowed to visit Nanda Devi National Park for six months, from May 1 to October 31. The snow melts around this time. This location also allows trekkers to securely traverse the national park. The park’s weather is pleasant but cool during these months. If you’re heading to Nanda Devi National Park, you should surely bring a multi-layer woollen to keep warm.
Tips For Visiting Nanda Devi National Park
Because Nanda Devi National Park has a restricted tourism policy that allows just 10 visitors per day, you need inform the DFO’s office in Joshimath prior to your visit to the national park. get a date
Allow the trek in Nanda Devi to be difficult, and make sure you are psychologically capable of completing it.
How To Reach Nanda Devi National Park
Tourists going to visit Nanda Devi National Park can also travel by flight, train or road, so let us know in detail below that how we can go to Nanda National Park by flight, train and road.
By Air: If you want to travel to Nanda Devi by flight, then Jolly Grant Airport in Dehradun is the nearest airport to Nanda Devi National Park which is at a distance of 295 kms from the national park. From here tourists can easily reach the national park with the help of taxis and cabs, or can take a bus till Joshimath and then take a shared jeep to the national park.
By Train : The nearest railhead to Nanda Devi is at Rishikesh which is about 280 km from National Park. One can easily reach National Park by a taxi from Rishikesh Railway Station or by taking a bus till Joshimath and take a shared jeep from the railway station to the National Park.
By Bus: The Nanda Devi National Park is connected by motorable roads through Joshimath to Lata village, which is the gateway to the park. Public and private buses will give you easy access to Joshimath from most parts of the state, from where you can reach Lata village by sharing a jeep or by bus.
Nanda Devi National Park: Facts:
- Nanda Devi National Park was established in 1982 & located in eastern Uttaranchal (Chamoli district) (30° 41′ to 30° 48′ N and 79° 33′ to 79° 46′ E). It is situated about 300 km north-east of Delhi.
- The height of Nanda Devi is 7,816 m (25,643 ft).
- The beautiful environment here full of flora and fauna like Brahma Kamal and Bharal (blue mountain goat) is famous as a natural sanctuary.
- Sir Edmund Hillary explained it in his autobiography as “Nanda Devi Sanctuary is God’s gifted training ground for adventure to India”.
- In 1988, UNESCO gave it the status of a World Heritage Site.
- It was established in the year 1982 as Sanjay Gandhi National Park but later its name was changed to Nanda Devi National Park.
- There are about 312 species of flowers in this park, out of which 17 rare species of flowers are found here. Deodar, birch / cypress, rhododendron (burans) and juniper are the main vegetation here.
- Common giant mammals are Himalayan musk deer, mainland serow and Himalayan tahr. Among the carnivores there are snow leopards, Himalayan black bears and perhaps even brown bears.
- Due to the dryness, there is little vegetation within the sanctuary. Tourists will not find vegetation near Nanda Devi Glacier. Ramani, alpine, prone mosses and lichens are other notable species of flowers found in Nanda Devi.